Lima Peru: Once A City Of Ancient Adobe Pyramids
Few visitors to Lima, the capital of Peru know that it was once a city boasting at least 40 pyramid like structures, each made up of millions of clay adobe bricks. That is because almost all of these ancient monuments were destroyed as the population expanded since the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century.
Lima was founded as a Spanish city in 1535, initially due its proximity to the ocean and thus an exit point for stolen Inca gold and silver, as well as an arrival place for more European colonists. The above map, from 1750 states “Peru’s modern capital, Lima, was designed as a garden city in 1535 by Spanish Conquistadors to replace its ancient past as a religious sanctuary with 37 pyramids.”
The above photo shows the reconstruction efforts at the massive Huaca Pucllana, in the modern Miraflores district of Lima. This is a remnant of the Rimac culture, which thrived in the area from about 200 to 700 AD, when it was then assaulted by the Wari culture from the highlands. The name Lima is the Spanish corruption of the term Rimac, which is of Inca origin.
Thankfully Huaca Pucllana exists to this day, while most of the other pyramidal structures were literally bulldozed out of existence as the population of Lima expanded over time. And rather than being plain adobe, it once had a bright coloured stucco finish.
Another of the ancient works which has thankfully been preserved and in fact restored is Huaca Huallamarca, located in the fashionable San Isidro area of Lima. It is a towering edifice of millions of hand made adobe bricks and since the Lima area receives only about 1 to 2 inches of rain per year, it has stood the test of natural, as well as man made forces.
As often as possible, we include a visit to at least one of these Huaca (Inca term for sacred place) on our tours prior to departing from Lima. The following are adventures you can join in 2015:
Full tour details HERE
Full details HERE (the above dates are correct)
My 15 books about ancient mysteries are available in paper back and e-book formats HERE.
Ollantaytambo is one of the largest of ancient sites in Peru, and has been attributed to have been completely built by the Inca culture somewhere between 1100 and 1500 AD. Though the Inca were remarkable at agricultural terracing works, such as that seen above, certain megalithic aspects were beyond their technical capabilities.
In the above photo, Stephen Mehler of the Khemit School of Giza in Egypt, who is well acquainted with the megalithic works of t... continue reading
On the Giza Plateau and below the stone causeway of the so called Khafre’s pyramid complex lies an unusual tomb structure. It’s known today as the Tomb of Osiris or, more commonly, the Osiris Shaft. The latter was named by Zahi Hawass, former secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities. The existence of the shaft tomb has been known for many years, but it was only until relatively recently that it was properly excavated and reported... continue reading
The Kingdom of Aksum or Axum, also known as the Aksumite Empire, was a trading nation in the area of Eritrea and northern Ethiopia , which existed from approximately 100 to 940 AD. It grew from the proto-Aksumite Iron Age period c. 4th century BC to achieve prominence by the 1st century AD, and was a major player in the commerce between the Roman Empire and Ancient India.
The Axumites erected a number of large stelae, which served a religious purpose in ... continue reading
In a mountainous region in the heart of Ethiopia, some 645 km from Addis Ababa, eleven “medieval” monolithic churches were carved out of rock. Their building is attributed to King Lalibela who set out to construct in the 12th century a ‘New Jerusalem’, after Muslim conquests halted Christian pilgrimages to the holy Land. Lalibela flourished after the decline of the Aksum Empire.
The churches were not constructed in a traditional way but rat... continue reading
The Kingdom of Kush or Kush (/kʊʃ, kʌʃ/) was an ancient African kingdom situated on the confluences of the Blue Nile, White Nile and River Atbara in what is now the Republic of Sudan.
Established after the Bronze Age collapse and the disintegration of the New Kingdom of Egypt, it was centered at Napata in its early phase. After king Kashta (“the Kushite”) invaded Egypt in the 8th century BC, the Kushite kings ruled as Pharaohs of the Twenty... continue reading
One of the most amazing, and yet least understood ancient structures in Egypt is the Osirion, located at Abydos, behind, below and connected to the Temple of Seti I. When archaeologists like Flinders Petrie and Margaret Murray were working at Abydos in the early 20th century, they discovered the Osirion by accident while excavating Seti’s Temple. The Osirion was completely buried under the sands of time.
The Osirion was originally constructed at a much ... continue reading
In order to move the Inca capital city of Cusco into the 21st century, some of the main streets have been dug up to lay and bury fiber optic cables for internet and telephone/cable service. What was uncovered on Mantas Street, which is one of the oldest in the city, shocked both the workers and residents…
Walls, as seen above which would appear to be of Inca construction, or possibly an earlier culture were discovered under the street, and these we... continue reading
One of the best aspects of studying ancient mysteries is sharing the knowledge with others, whether through my Facebook Page, Youtube Video Channel, Blog Posts, or other Media Outlets. However, direct experience is available for those who want actual “hands on” exposure to these amazing sites, and that is why we offer tours.
In September of 2014 we had the privilege of hosting three experts of megalithic ancient Egypt; Stephen Mehler, Yousef ... continue reading
Recent discoveries, as in within the last 2 years by the isida-project have cast new light on the fact that much of ancient, pre-dynastic Egypt is yet to be discovered. The following photos were taken by them at sites in the massive Saqqara complex, near the Giza Plateau, areas not available to most tour groups.
What would commonly be referred to as a sarcophagus lid reveals that it was clearly made using Lost Ancient High Technology, because the stone o... continue reading
One of the most mysterious and intriguing rulers of ancient Egypt was that of Akhenaten, who radically changed the whole course of the Egyptian civilization mainly by creating a new capital city called Amarna, Tell El Amarna, or Akhetaten, meaning “Horizon of the Aten.”
Construction started in or around Year 5 of his reign (1346 BC) and was probably completed by Year 9 (1341 BC), although it became the capital city two years earlier. To speed... continue reading
Although the Inca are the well known culture who made Cusco their capital, there are numerous examples of megalithic shaped stones which the Inca can not be said to have created. Their bronze tools would have been useless at creating these surfaces, and thus a much older and technically sophisticated people must have preceded them.
The site called Qenqo is amazing mainly because the entire stone outcrop has been shaped. Some academics believe that this w... continue reading